Modern Web Development: The Basics And Tools

Web development has been an area of ​​constant change since the commercialization of the internet, which began in the early 90s. If websites were made up of simple blocks of text at the time, it has now become a standard.

Take care of their presentation, which is often elaborate and highlights a lot of multimedia content. The Web, which was originally an information platform, has become a real entertainment medium. Internet users demand websites that are interactive, intuitive, and with an elaborate design.

To meet this demand, developers have many tools to integrate dynamic content and to create tailor-made sites adapted to their users. The requirements required to complete this are founded on experienced hosting,    

The Technical Basics Of A Website

The prerequisite for any presence on the Web is to have storage space on a server. For this, the services of a specialized web host are necessary. As a rule, the offer includes complete hosting packages.

These packs often include services such as the reservation of an own domain name, RAM allocated by a server, databases, and all the tools necessary for web development.

Technical Basics Of A Website
Technical Basics Of A Website

Usually, users of these hosting plans do not know which physical machines bundle these services. This is not the case for alternative hosting models (dedicated web servers for example), whose hardware components are leased by a data center.


Each web project has a domain name, that is, a unique Internet address assigned to it. This domain name is one of the basic components of a web hosting package. Internet addresses follow the strict principles of the hierarchical structure of the domain name system and are composed as follows:

A Top-Level Domain ( i.e. generic top-level domains, which end in .com for example), therefore the “final part”

A freely chosen domain name (Second Level Domain), ie what comes before the “. “, As the word” example “if you choose the address:

an optional subdomain (which can come before the SLD, as here “blog” in the address:

The domain name registration is carried out via a web host, which forwards the request to the authorities concerned. When choosing the domain name, it is recommended that you keep the wording concise, and choose a common top-level domain.

Web Space

Each website is made up of data made available on a web server for uploading to the Internet. This is why web hosting containers always include a certain storage space for HTML documents, class sheets, images, videos, or even databases.

The transfer of this data is generally carried out by FTP ( File Transfer Protocol ). A web hosting package should be chosen based on its ability to expand its webspace.


Web developers often use relational databases when site pages are not static and need to be generated differently with each new page load.

With this type of data management, information is structured by tables and is linked to other data sets by identification numbers (IDs). The communication and transmission of this data are generally carried out in SQL (Structured Query Language), a database language.

Among relational databases, the open-source MySQL software is the most popular for dynamic website development.

Web Servers

Typically, beginner web hosting packages go through shared hosting. This hosting instance consists of several client environments transmitting the same waitperson and its help.

For large-scale professional projects, web hosts offer different variants of web servers, with which customers can benefit from tailor-made equipment, adapted to their precise needs. For large companies, dedicated hosting systems are also a good solution.

Web Servers
Web Servers

Main Tools Of Web Programming

If the Web project is constituted via a hosting package or a server, different possibilities are available to users to create their site.

The bandwidth of these packs is sufficient to handle projects of different sizes, ranging from websites developed with intuitive software and offering reduced creation tools, to more flexible websites thanks to CMS., or to those whose source code has been developed independently.

The direction of “What You See Is What You Get (literally meaning in French” what you see is what you get “) is relevant to website editors, which are suitable for beginners with no prior web programming experience.

Finally, web developers have more leeway in creating their projects by programming with the help of a text editor. But for this, it is necessary to master the basics of web programming and languages ​​such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, or even PHP.


HTML is a language ( Hypertext Markup Language) that structures the writing of digital content in a basic way with formatting tags (tags and meta elements).

In this way text features, titles, graphics, or even hyperlinks can be put in position and it is the original code that comprises the design of a website. For example, a static website is simply made up of a selection of linked HTML documents.

The contemporary version of HTML5 spreads the Extensible Markup Language to contain audio and videotape. On the other hand, the presentation of the contents is defined by the formatting language CSS, which allows the layout.


CSS ( Cascading Style Sheets ) is a standard formatting language for HTML documents allowing their layout. Web developers use CSS to assign rules that will allow a browser to interpret elements defined in code into concrete visual elements that will be represented on a website.

The contemporary CSS3 classic version includes features for structuring the layout, colors, typography, shadow products, and energies.


Modern websites are interactive and include input fields, accordion menus, and slide shows. JavaScript is useful when you want to integrate dynamic content into an HTML page.

This scripting language expands the basic HTML and CSS structure as dynamic elements can be incorporated later, updated, or changed.


While static web pages are always ready to be sent through the web server, the same is not true for dynamic web pages, which are only generated upon request from the web browser.

Scripting languages ​​such as PHP allow this. The browser will establish a request that uses the HTTP protocol and indicates the requested page, among other things.

When the request arrives at the server, it transmits the requested address, which is then processed by a web server. The web server will interpret it, find the requested file, and the file is then returned as an HTTP response.

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